A nation of many nations, India needs no introduction. The land where both Buddha and the Beetles attained nirvana is flanked by water on two sides — the Arabian sea and the Indian Ocean and the mighty Himalayas on the other two. Spanning across an area of 3.3 million square km., it’s the seventh-largest country by area and second-largest by population.
A major trade hub in the ancient times — a land full of treasure, and rich with natural resources and an abundance of culture, ancient India was referred to as the Golden bird. As the famous quote attributed to Mark Twain goes: “India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”
Its rich and sometimes troubled colonial past continues to leave its indelible mark on its present – the constitution recognizes 22 major languages in India, but English counts as one of the two official languages of communication. In its modern history, India has been deemed as an emerging nation with a fast growing economy. It is expected to become the first country to be home to more than 1.5 billion people by 2030, but with favorable demographics.
India is a young country with more than 50 percent of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65 percent below the age of 35. In 2020, the average age of an Indian is 28.4 years – compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan.
The Indian diaspora, one of the most “vibrant and dynamic”, is the largest in the world, with 18 million people from the country living outside their homeland in 2020.
Thanks to the English language and its engineering talent, India is one of the largest software exporters in the world.
Its major metropolitan cities are Mumbai, the financial capital, New Delhi, the official capital of the country, Bangalore, known as the Silicon Valley of India, Kolkata and Chennai.
India offers a variety of nonimmigrant visas including medical, research, tourist and project visas. Other than these, foreign nationals are eligible for employment visas with an employment offer or an intra-company transfer. Indian employment visas are usually granted for the term of employment, and are renewable from the country.
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